Austrian conductor Erich Kleiber was born on this day in 1890.
Kleiber studied at the Prague Conservatory and served prominent conducting positions with the Berlin State Opera, La Scala Opera, and the Colon Theater. He premiered a number of important 20th century works including Alban Berg's ground-breaking opera "Wozzeck."
When the Nazi Party came to power in Germany in 1933, Kleiber left the country in protest and moved to Buenos Aires. He would guest conduct and freelance for the rest of his life, until he died in 1965.
He was also the father of renowned conductor Carlos Kleiber.